Research TOEFL ITP® Assessment Series


Backed by 45 Years of Expert Research

The TOEFL ITP® Assessment Series is backed by more than 45 years of research by world-renowned assessment and linguistic experts. As a leading on-site English-proficiency testing program, the TOEFL ITP tests are relied upon by more than 2,500 institutions in 50+ countries, with 800,000+ tests administered annually.

Test and Score Data Summaries

The TOEFL ITP® Test and Score Data Summaries contain data on the performance of examinees who took a TOEFL ITP test between January and December of a calendar year.

CEFR Mapping Study

The purpose of this mapping study was to identify the minimum TOEFL ITP Level 1 test scores corresponding to four levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR).

The table below presents the scaled cut scores for each section:

TOEFL ITP score ranges (Level
1–310 to 677 pts)
CEFR Levels TOEFL ITP Overall Performance Descriptors
627–677 C1
Proficient User — Effective Operational Proficiency
  • Can understand essential ideas and some difficult and abstract vocabulary in short academic lectures/conversations that require integration and synthesis.
  • Can understand ideas and detailed information in academic written texts, even texts on abstract topics containing low-frequency vocabulary.
  • Can monitor grammatical interactions among elements in complex written sentences.
  • Can recognize less common grammatical forms, such as subjunctive mood and reduced clauses, as well as necessary word choices not specified by general grammatical rules.
543–626 B2
Independent User — Vantage
  • Can connect information across utterances from different speakers in short dialogues and can identify main ideas and details when reinforced in lectures and longer conversations.
  • In written texts containing high-frequency academic vocabulary, can connect details and ideas to understand information that is explicitly stated or implied.
  • Can recognize appropriate ways to vary written sentences using appositives, participles and subordinate clauses, and can demonstrate awareness of acceptable variations on basic grammatical rules.
460–542 B1
Independent User — Threshold
  • Can understand clearly reinforced implications and common language functions in short dialogues containing high-frequency vocabulary and common idiomatic expressions.
  • Can understand simple process descriptions and narration in written texts containing high-frequency vocabulary.
  • Can recognize appropriate uses of verbs in common tenses — including passive forms — as well as common linking verbs and expletives such as "there is."
  • Can recognize the correct structure of a sentence or clause and the appropriate use of infinitives, gerunds and “that” clauses.
337–459 A2
Basic User — Waystage
  • Can sometimes understand explicitly stated information in written texts and short dialogues containing simple vocabulary.
  • Can sometimes understand main ideas when they are strongly reinforced in texts and short oral exchanges.
  • In simple contexts, can sometimes select the appropriate verb tense and correctly choose between singular and plural nouns.

Note: The cut scores represent the minimum scores needed to enter the CEFR levels. These recommendations are based on the results of mapping studies with expert panels, and data analyses of test taker scores.

Award Your Students a Certificate That Recognizes Their Achievement

You can recognize your students' achievement in English-language proficiency with three levels of certificates awarded by the TOEFL ITP program. Each TOEFL ITP certificate corresponds to a CEFR level.

TOEFL ITP Certificate CEFR Level
Gold C1
Silver B2
Bronze B1

Reliability Study

Reliability is an important criterion to measure the quality of an assessment product. Tests with high reliability yield consistent scores across different test forms. Please refer to the TOEFL ITP reliability table (PDF) for further details.